How to Find Your Target Audience in 6 Simple Steps
5 min read
Attracting customers is crucial to the success of most every business.
To achieve this, you can either throw together a marketing plan and wish for the best, or you can take your time discovering exactly who needs your products or services.
Not everyone needs or wants to buy what you are selling. One of the best ways to make your business successful, is identify your target market.
If you don’t have a clear target audience in mind, your marketing campaigns are probably a waste of effort, time, and money.
A more effective approach is to concentrate your messaging and budget on a particular market that is more prone to buy from you. This is a much more affordable and effective way to reach prospects and generate business.
Identifying your target audience allows you to:
A target audience is a particular group of buyers that are interested in your products, services, and promotions. The buyers group is based on factors like age, location, income, behaviors, interests, etc.
For example, if you are a physical therapist, your target audience might be athletes who are healing from injury; senior citizens looking to maintain movement; or middle-aged people with back pain.
Marketing success begins with finding your target audience, and so the obviously questions is…
How to find your target audience?
Here are a few points that will help you define your target audience.
Needless to say, to identify your target audience, you must understand what your target market is. In order to do this, ask yourself these questions:
If you are able to answer these questions, then you can begin creating your unique brand image.
The people who are most inclined to purchase your products or services share specific characteristics. To identify these possible customers, create a customer profile and at least include the age, gender, and location.
Do your prospects mostly fit in a specific age bracket? This is essential because consumers in different age groups will react differently to how your product is produced and marketed.
Generally speaking, the needs and goals of men and women are usually different. If you advertise your business in a way that fails to address these differences, you could end up attracting only a few people of either gender.
The United States is a large country. Widely speaking, the shopping practices of urban citizens generally differ from people living in rural areas. Where people live and the types of societies they live with, also impact buying choices.
Other important features cover marital status, profession and industry, hobbies, and interests. This is what a buyer persona should look like.
According to HubSpot,
“A buyer persona is a semi-fictional representation of your ideal customer based on market research and real data about your existing customers. When creating your buyer persona(s), consider including customer demographics, behavior patterns, motivations, and goals.”
According to “Buyer Persona Manifesto” by Adele Revella,
“It’s an archetype, a composite picture of the real people who buy, or might buy, products like the ones you sell.”
Once you know your target market and your basic buyer persons, you are well on your way to knowing how to find your target audience. Take a step further and download this buyer template to create your own in-depth buyer persona.
To find your target audience, take a look at your current customers. It is quite possible that other people similar to them could also benefit from your product or service.
Moreover, if your customer base is truly different, you must give some time to your business to develop some patterns. Also, you can divide your customer base into various types of customers and do some experimentation to understand if you can get any information.
You can learn about your target audience through primary market research. Primary research includes learning about customers shopping practices through direct contact.
Distribute surveys to current and possible customers through a paper, email or online surveys. For example, Airbnb politely asks for customers’ opinions after their stay, giving them the space to decide whether they want to share their feedback or not. In fact, Airbnb has increased the number of bookings by 25%, just with their referral program alone.
Interact with people you believe and whose buying habits fit with your business. For example, follow up with your buyers and ask a few questions to learn more about their opinions and purchasing process.
As part of your primary research, consider asking customers to fill out forms when they buy your product or service? Ask them to share information on an optional basis. From there, you can collect an original customer profile.
One of the best ways to define your target audience is to put yourself in your consumers’ shoes. Find out what problems and demands they have that your company solves.
Think about the particular needs. Do they want fast service or 24-hour customer support? Do they have kids and need special services? What regular activities do they perform that you can make easier for them?
Once you have an idea of your customers’ demands and issues, you can start working out who is the most likely to experience these problems.
Another method when you wonder how to find your target audience is to research your competitors. Go through their business website, social media feeds, and find their best selling products or services.
Understand who your competitors target, and observe if that demographic matches your company.
Take all you learn in your research and ask yourself these questions about your competitors:
What are customers actually buying from them?
How much are their clients willing to pay? Will they spend more if you offered something extra?
What weaknesses did you notice from their reviews that you can address with your business?
Finding your target audience is the foundation of marketing. With this information, you can connect with the appropriate people, and improve the quality of those engagements.
Start defining and knowing your target audience to make the most of your valuable resources.
Have you identified your target market? How has it influenced your marketing campaigns? Let us know your thoughts in the comments section below!